China's contribution to global energy development
Recently, the International Energy Agency, the International Renewable Energy Agency, the United Nations Statistics Division and the World Bank and other international organizations jointly issued the "Tracking Sustainable Development Goal 7: Energy Progress Report", from the perspective of electricity popularization, clean cooking, energy efficiency, and renewable energy. Four aspects summarize the global energy consumption. The report believes that China has made the largest contribution to the reduction of global energy consumption, with a contribution rate of over 35%, which is higher than 13% in the United States and 8% in India. The report also confirmed China’s great achievements in the clean energy, power popularization and improvement of people’s lives.
There is still a gap between the global and sustainable development goals, and 13% of them are still not available
The seventh goal of the United Nations 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development is to “ensure access to affordable, reliable and sustainable modern energy for all”. This report confirms the current global achievements on this agenda and believes that there is still a gap from “going to achieve sustainable development goals”.
From the point of power popularization, there are still 13% of the world's population without electricity available, and sub-Saharan Africa and Central Asia have the most serious power shortages. The report points out that although power coverage has been increasing since 2010, at current speed, there will be 67.4 million people in the world without electricity in 2030. To achieve the goal of universal power generation in 2030, this trend should be accelerated.
The report shows that between 2010 and 2015, the growth rate of global GDP is twice the supply of primary energy, which means that economic growth is faster than energy consumption, indicating that global economic growth has gradually become dependent on energy consumption. From 2010 to 2015, the global energy consumption decreased by an average of 2.2% each year, which is still a certain gap from the 2.6% required to achieve the sustainable development goals.
The report pointed out that in 2015 renewable energy accounted for 17.5% of the world's final energy consumption, wind and solar energy prices fell, causing some competitive pressure on traditional energy consumption. However, according to the current speed, by 2030, the proportion of renewable energy in the world will reach 21%, and it is still unable to achieve the sustainable development goals.
China's achievements have been highly appreciated in areas such as energy efficiency improvement and renewable energy.
The report pointed out that the world has made considerable progress in the areas of electricity popularization and industrial energy efficiency, and the progress of renewable energy is particularly impressive. The report believes that the experiences of some countries, including China, have sent a positive signal: If appropriate methods and policies are adopted, all countries in the world can achieve success in promoting clean energy, electricity, and improving people’s lives.
The report places special emphasis on the achievements of China, Indonesia and other Asian countries and some African countries in improving energy conditions. The report believes that China has made the largest contribution to the reduction of global energy consumption, with a contribution rate of over 35%, which is higher than 13% in the United States and 8% in India. Thanks to the key policies and new energy technologies adopted by the Chinese government, China's energy consumption in the industrial sector has been reduced most significantly. China's energy efficiency improvement rate exceeds 3% annually and is second to none in developing countries.
The development of renewable energy in China has been highly appreciated by the report. The report said that thanks to the progress China has made since 2010, the global renewable energy consumption has grown rapidly. In 2015, China’s contribution to global renewable energy consumption reached 30%. Among them, 50% of global solar energy consumption comes from China, followed by the United States and Germany, which are 10% and 7% respectively. Since 2010, China has promoted natural gas, liquefied petroleum gas, biogas, and electricity on a large scale. The use of biomass fuel has been reduced by 6% annually, which has boosted the popularity of clean cooking in Asia.
The report predicts that China will continue to be a leader in renewable energy consumption. The global share of renewable energy will increase from 15% in 2015 to 20% in 2030. The report believes that a series of major energy-saving and emission-reduction measures are being brewed. China's industry has significantly reduced its use of coal. It is cleaning up a number of old, inefficient, coal-consuming production capacity and lower emissions, which will further promote energy consumption. reduce.
About one-third of the new electricity supply in Africa comes from Chinese investment projects
The improvement of power facilities in East Africa has become a bright spot in the report. According to the report, the electricity supply in Ethiopia, Kenya, and Tanzania has achieved strong growth. During the period from 2010 to 2016, the electricity penetration rate in these countries has increased by more than 3% annually. In the construction of energy infrastructure in these African countries, China’s investment and China’s participation in projects have played an important role.
The British "Financial Times" website recently published an article saying that the Chinese government that Africa attracted last year has invested more in energy infrastructure than any other region. China's capital has helped Africa's energy development, and China's relations with Africa have become increasingly close. . Of the US$25.6 billion in loans provided by Chinese financial institutions to energy projects around the world in 2017, 6.8 billion went to African countries, accounting for nearly one-third of total loans. According to data from the Boston University’s Center for Global Development Policy Research, electricity generation and transmission are the areas in Africa that receive the most Chinese loans, and this portion accounts for 22.3 billion U.S. dollars. The US$6.8 billion loan provided to Africa in 2017 was used for power projects.
The president of the Gulf Cooperation Council Interconnection Power Grid Authority, Ali Khalifa, said that China has extensive cooperation with countries in the energy sector and Chinese companies have helped the world in promoting global energy and electricity development. China is currently participating in many hydropower projects including Africa and all continents. The participation of China has not only greatly eased the local electricity shortage, but also greatly reduced the price of electricity.
The Ethiopia-Kenya DC connected transmission line project currently under construction is under construction by China Power Technology Equipment Co., Ltd. (State Grid) with a total investment of US$1.4 billion. The project will build a 1,045 km long stretch between Ethiopia and Kenya with a capacity of 2,000 MW. The project was started in August 2016 and is scheduled to be completed in December this year. After the completion of the project, Uganda, South Sudan and other countries can connect their power grids with the newly-built power grids in Kenya to realize the interconnection and interoperability of the East African national grid. This is the main line of high-speed networking for East Africa power, and it is also one of the important projects of East Africa regional power interconnection planning.
Fatih Birol, Executive Director of the International Energy Agency, said that China is also playing an increasingly important role in addressing energy accessibility in poor countries. For example, about one third of all new electricity supply in Africa is from China. Investment projects.
Former French Prime Minister Raffarin told this reporter that as one of the important leaders in the implementation of the Paris Agreement, China has actively carried out actions to curb global warming, reduced environmental pollution, and reduced the consumption of primary energy such as coal, and promoted it. The development of renewable energy has achieved important progress. Raffarin said, “The Earth is our common homeland and China is committed to creating a global environment that protects mankind. China has made outstanding contributions to global energy development.”
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